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Construction

Titanium is a superior choice for diverse architectural applications including exterior cladding, curtainwalls, roof cladding, column covers, soffits, fascia, canopies, interior cladding, light fixtures as well as art, sculpture and monuments.
Architectural titanium's unique combination of outstanding corrosion resistance, strength, light weight and durability gives it the longest life span of any metal, under any conditions, with minimal maintenance. It's unique and subtle reflectivity is unmatched by any other metal. And with innovative designs that exploit its attributes, titanium is highly practical, especially when life cycle issues are considered.
Excellent corrosion resistance - immune to corrosion from environmental attack
Where other architectural metals exhibit limited life span, titanium endures. It withstands urban pollution, marine environments, acid rain, volcanic ash residue, industrial emissions and other extremely aggressive atmospheric conditions. Titanium will not weather or fade due to ultraviolet rays.
Titanium also has excellent corrosion resistance to acid rain and corrosive gases (sulfurous acid gas, hydrogen sulfide gas, etc.) good for applications in large cities and industrial areas. Titanium is free of stress, pitting and crevice corrosion as well as other types of corrosion or problems inherent to other white metals.
Low coefficient of thermal expansion
Titanium has the lowest coefficient of thermal expansion of all architectural metals. At 8.4 x 10-6, it is virtually equal to glass, concrete, brick and stone, making it highly compatible with these materials. This allows for designs that feature titanium and glass as the prominent architectural elements and gives titanium an advantage over other metals in the design details of architectural projects. A typical standing seam roof will require periodic transverse seams. Titanium can be rolled into a continuous panel along the full length of a roof without seams to compensate for expansion and contraction. Consequently, thermal stress on titanium is very low - typically half that of stainless steel and one-third that of aluminum.
Environmentally Friendly
Due to its relative inertness, titanium is considered to be environmentally friendly. It is 100% recyclable, does not degrade, and as a result, does not contaminate the environment. Other metals when exposed to environmental pollutants erode or corrode and leach metallic ions into the ground water causing environmental problems. With responsibility for "green building product specification", titanium has the edge being the most inert and having the longest life cycle of all architectural metals. A prime example is the recently installed titanium cladding on the Scheepvaart Maritime Museum in Amsterdam. The architect and government applied a strict environmental responsibility to the material used for the project.
Light weight and high strength
The specific gravity is nearly 4.51 - 60% of that of steel, half that of copper and 1.7 times that of aluminum. Being such a lightweight metal, titanium imposes less burden on the structure and can be fabricated using traditional metal forming methods. According to use, it eliminates the need for corrosion combating expenses and enables further weight reduction through design and engineering.
Along with its excellent mechanical strength, titanium is durable and shock-resistant. It will flex during periods of violent movement (earthquakes) and endure significant hail storms without damage. Titanium is equivalent in strength to steel.
Life cycle - warranted for 100 years against through-wall corrosion When titanium is used as roofing or exterior wall cladding, its initial material cost is higher than that of other metals. Fabrication and installation prices will be the similar as for other metals, therefore fabricated and installed titanium is only 5% to 10% more than stainless steel. Titanium's immunity to corrosion eliminates the need for repair and continuous maintenance. In total life cycle cost, titanium has a clear advantage over other metals. This advantage becomes even more marked in highly corrosive environments, such as coastal, urban and industrial areas. Taking into consideration titanium's long life cycle, it outweighs all other architectural metals in long-term cost performance.

Many titanium alloys have been developed for aerospace applications where mechanical properties are the primary consideration. In industrial applications, corrosion resistance is a critical attribute. For architectural applications, aesthetics and corrosion resistance are the leading considerations for the architects and designers of contemporary architecture. Commercially pure (Grade 1 and Grade 2) titanium products are most commonly used for architectural applications. The material specifically produced and finished for architecture is specially developed to address the critical area of aesthetic finishing.

Although this "high-tech" metal appears to be relatively new in western architectural applications, it has been used on hundreds of buildings in Japan for over twenty-five years and has excelled in resisting corrosion in the most heavily polluted, urban and coastal locations.

Since the October 1997 opening of the acclaimed Guggenheim Museum Bilbao design by Frank O. Gehry, architectural titanium continues to clad new commercial and residential projects throughout the world. The Guggenheim Museum has been the worldwide icon for architectural titanium applications and opened the doors for future projects. New titanium applications are now installed in the U.S., Canada, Scotland, England, Germany, Belgium, Peru and other.

Two major world-class projects with unique applications for architectural titanium have recently been designed by Aeroports de Paris. ADP design director Paul Andreu has selected titanium for cladding the ellipsoid dome of the Grand National Theater in Beijing and Abu Dhabi Airport. The airport will have the world's first structural application of titanium in the context of architecture. Due to physical properties, titanium beams will be significantly smaller than steel beams which allows the architect to realize his aesthetic vision. To meet the engineering requirements, aerospace alloy titanium plate will be used to form the structural beams that will support the Abu Dhabi Airport. In addition, the airport exterior will be clad in titanium panels and glass.

Monument to subjugators of space in Moscow

Monument to subjugators of space in Moscow